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King Cunedda, ^[1, 2, 3, 4]
Male 400 - 460

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  • Prefix  King 
    Birth  Abt 400  [5
    Gender  Male 
    Name  Cunedda the Lion   [6
    • The name Cunedda is known today as Kenneth, and derives from the Celtic Counodagos, meaning "great lord," and is related to the later name Cinead, meaning "born of fire."
    Occupation  Between 430 and 450  Votadina Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    leader of the tribes 
    • This territory later became Bernicia and Lothian in southwestern Scotland. He probably was not native to these tribes, but achieved this command through his grandfather, Paternus, and his father, Eternus, deriving it from Roman authority. When he removed south to Wales, this command was placed under his eldest son, Tybion.
    Occupation  Aft 450  north Wales, in the territory of the Venedotians (Venedos) Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    lord and King 
    • This territory of the Venedotians in north Wales later became the core of the later kingdom of Gwynedd. It is not certain where Cunedda established his base, though the old Roman fort at Chester is the most likely. His role was probably to protect Wales from invasions of the Irish. Cunedda was largely successful in holding the Irish at bay, although he apparently was never able to drive them out of Demetia in south-west Wales.
    Reference Number  LW V-1  [7
    • Lucius Weaver comments:
      [He] "was the first ruler of the Welsh people of whom there is any authentic record. ... He had been a Roman officer on the north wall and came from the north to assist his Brythonic brethren and became their king. This was about A.D. 400. His success in conquering the enemies of the Brythons gave him the title Wledig or Great King. He founded a dynasty which, through his descendants, ruled the Welsh people during several centuries. He seems to have been a Christian and probably he was partly of Roman ancestry.
      "Lloyd states that 'Cunedda came from the land of Manaw Gododin near the Firth of Forth. His home was on the northern border of the Votadini, where Slamannan in Stirlingshire still keeps the name alive.'
      "In 'Annales Cambriae' MS. pedigree No. 1 Cunedda is the nineteenth generation from Beli Mawr who was the son of Anna. Rhys quotes from Jesus College MS. 20, as follows: 'This Anna was daughter to the Emperor of Rome. That Anna used to be said by the men of Egypt to be cousin to the Virgin Mary.'
      "If we may follow Nennius' 'Historia Britorum,' Beli Mawr, (Bellinus) son of Mynogan, to whom all of the genealogies trace, was the leader of the Brythons against Julius Caesar at the time of the Roman invasion, 55 B.C.
      "Cunedda married a daughter of Coel Hen. This Coel Hen was the 15th generation from the beginning of pedigree No. 10 in the 'Annales Cambriae' which extends back to the same Beli Mawr and Anna through another son.
      "Regarding these ancient pedigrees Rhys writes as follows: 'It fortunately happens that there are several pedigrees appended to the earliest manuscripts of the 'Annales Cambriae' and as they are undoubtedly old and came into being at a time when every one's genealogy was most religiously preserved and remembered as a kind of title-deed to his status in the then existing legal and social system, we may with a high degree of confidence look upon them as in substance accurate.'"
    Reference Number  MA ED2  [6
    Died  Between 460 and 470  [8
    Person ID  I13468  Prometheus
    Last Modified  18 Feb 2005 
    Father  Edern 
    Family ID  F4017  Group Sheet
    Family  Gwawl 
    Married  Between 430 and 450 
     1. Tybion
     2. King Einion Yrth, ^
     3. Edern
     4. Rhufon
     5. Dunant
     6. Dogfael
     7. Ceredig
     8. Osfael
     9. Afloeg
    Family ID  F4015  Group Sheet
  • Notes 

    • There is much debate among academics as to whether Cunedda actually existed, and especially of his North Britain/Roman origins. By the 9th century, he had become firmly imbedded in the foundation legends of Gwynedd, a time when the rulers of Gwynedd were advancing their claims of primacy over all of Wales and Cunedda as a pan-Welsh figure.

      ^ It is through Einion Yrth that the lineage of interest here descends to the present time.
  • Sources 
    1. [S555] Weaver Genealogy: Lucius E. Weaver, GenealogyLibrary.com. CS71.W365..
      p. 40. The authorities for numbers 1 to 24 inclusive are:
      (1) John Rhys and David Brynmor-Jones, 'The Welsh People; chapters on their origin, history, and laws, language, literature and characters,' [1923, available as reprint, Greenwood Press, 1969. Published also by Haskell House],
      (2) John E. Lloyd, 'A History of Wales*,'
      (3) Gilbert Stone, 'Wales,'
      supported by:
      (4) the 'Annales Cambriae,'
      (5) the 'Brut y Tywysogion,'
      (6) Dwnn's 'Visitation of Wales,'
      (7) Eyton's 'Antiquities of Shropshire,'
      (8) the 'y Cymmrodor,'
      (9) the 'Harleian' MS. No. 3859,
      (10) the publications of the 'Great Britain Historical MSS. Commission,' etc.
      * A later version of this work may be: Lloyd, John Edward, Sir (1861-1947). A History of Wales from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest. London & New York, [1939].

    2. [S632] Welsh People: Rhys, 914.2903 RHYS..

    3. [S633] Wales History: Lloyd, 942.9..

    4. [S635] Welsh Kings: Maund, Maund., p. 24-28.

    5. [S631] Mammoth Book: kings & queens, REF 941.0099 MAM., p. 141. "Although his dates are subject to degrees of uncertainty, he was probably born around the year 400 and may have lived into his 60s.".

    6. [S631] Mammoth Book: kings & queens, REF 941.0099 MAM., p. 141..

    7. [S555] Weaver Genealogy: Lucius E. Weaver, GenealogyLibrary.com. CS71.W365., p. 40..

    8. [S631] Mammoth Book: kings & queens, REF 941.0099 MAM., p. 141. "Although his dates are subject to degrees of uncertainty, he was probably born around the year 400 and may have lived into his 60s.".